Indonesia including west papua
The pattern of political violence in West Papua province continues to destabilise the region and highlight the need for a meaningful solution between the Papuan leadership and the Indonesian government. Amidst the calls for self-determination and a new political identity, West Papua continues to struggle with economic, health and livelihood indicators that are amongst the worst in Indonesia. A disputed ‘Special Autonomy Law’ enacted in 2001, which falls short of full independence for West Papua, has failed to create consensus among the population or improve basic education and health services or employment opportunities. This perilous state has been worsened by continuing transmigration into Papua from other parts of the Indonesian archipelago and the resulting impact on jobs, the economy and the ethnic composition of the region.
West Papua’s environment remains exposed to indiscriminate logging, mining and natural gas development affecting the environment and the land-holding status of the indigenous population. Without access to its own raw materials, the rights to which Indonesian government has granted to private foreign companies, economic development in West Papua is extremely difficult.
Act for Peace’s partners in West Papua include Christian NGOs Network in Indonesia (CNNI) / Jaringan Kerja Lembaga – Lembaga Pelayanan Kristen di Indonesia (JK LPK). Their programs have provided training to young Papuans to be leaders in their communities to raise awareness and help prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. Other training initiatives have focused on business management training targeting small scale business operators, supporting productive industries within the local population including fishing, kiosk/mini markets and brick making. CNNI work has strengthened more than 400 Christian NGOs in Indonesia through capacity building programs supporting HIV/AIDS prevention and care, disaster preparedness and a rights based approach to alleviating poverty and developing democracy.